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Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758)   

 

Range: From Europe and Turkey to C Asia.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Widespread but local from sea level up to 2000 m, in S Bulgaria mainly in mountains.

Habitat: Damp or dry bushy and/or grassy places: woodland glades, meadows, mountain slopes, river gorges etc.

Bionomics: One generation flying from May till August depending on altitude. Larval host-plant: Corydalis (Fumariaceae) (Tolman & Lewington 1997).

Conservation status: A local but stable and not directly threatened species in the country. However, it is of conservation interest in view of its large-scale decline in much of its European range. IUCN category: Lower risk, near threatened. Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention (CITES).