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Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758)   

 

Range: From Europe and Turkey to C Asia, eastwards to Transbaikalia and Mongolia.

Distribution in Bulgaria: The higher mountains between 500 and 2000 m.

Habitat: Rock precipices, loose shale screes, rocky grassy and flowery slopes, river valleys and gorges, etc.

Bionomics: One generation from mid- June to August. Larval host-plant: Sedum spp.

Conservation status: One of the four Lepidoptera species protected by law in Bulgaria. Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention (CITES) and included as "vulnerable" in the Red Data Book on European Butterflies. In Bulgaria this is a local but common species with stable populations that do not appear endangered. The localization of the populations is due not to ongoing range fragmentation but to the naturally patchy occurrence of its breeding habitat, which humans have even inadvertently expanded. IUCN category: Lower risk, near threatened.

 

 
 
 

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