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Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758
Range: N Africa, temperate and boreal Eurasia, N America (Alaska). The most widespread species of its family.
Distribution in Bulgaria: Widespread from sea level up to 1700 m, occasionally strays to over 2000 m.
Habitat: Diverse: bushy flowery glades and mountain slopes, forest margins, river valleys; common in urban and agricultural areas (orchards, parks, etc.).
Bionomics: One to three generations depending on altitude, from April till October. Larval host-plants: various Apiaceae.
Conservation status: A widespread species with stable populations. IUCN category: Lower risk, least concern.