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Nymphalis xanthomelas (Esper, [1781])   

 

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Range: E Europe, temperate and boreal Eurasia. In the westernmost part of its range the occurrence of the species is apparently dependent on migration and the founded populations are mostly temporary.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Until 50-60 years ago used to be widespread from sea level to over 2900 m a.s.l., after which its numbers dropped drastically to the extent that since the 1980's and until only a few years ago the species remained unrecorded.

Habitat: Deciduous and mixed forests and their margins, river valleys.

Bionomics: One generation appearing in June, the adults hibernate and fly again next sping. Larval host-plants: Salix and Populus (Tolman & Lewington 1997).

Conservation status: Unknown. The current distribution and status of this species need further studies. IUCN category: Data Deficient.

 

 
 
 
 

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