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Nymphalis io (Linnaeus, 1758)   

Name in Tolman & Lewington (1997): Inachis io

Range: Eurasia.

Distribution in Bulgaria: The whole country up to over 2900 m a.s.l.

Habitat: Not associated with any particular habitat type, can be met with virtually everywhere.

Bionomics: One generation from June to October, hibernates and reappears next spring. Larval host-plant: Urtica (Urticaceae) (Tolman & Lewington 1997).

Conservation status: One of the most widespread and common butterflies in Bulgaria. IUCN category: Lower risk, least concern.