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Melitaea britomartis Assmann, 1847   

Name in Tolman & Lewington (1997): Mellicta britomartis
 
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Range: E and partly C Europe and temperate Asia to the Far East.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Very poorly known due to confusion with Melitaea aurelia. These two species can be securely distinguished from each other only on the basis of the male genitalia. So far recorded from widely isolated localities in NE, C, E and W Bulgaria at altitudes from sea level up to ca. 800 m. However most of these localities need confirmation because it is not known if they have been based on genital examination. One certain locality is Sliven, also recently found to be widespread in Mt. Strandzha where M. aurelia does not occur.

Habitat: Dry grassy glades, meadows and low mountain slopes, most often on calcareous substrate.

Bionomics: One, possibly two generations from May till August. Larval host-plants: Plantago lanceolata and Veronica (Tolman & Lewington 1997).

Conservation status: The distribution and status of this species require further studies. IUCN category: Data Deficient. Listed in The Red Data Book of European Butterflies as Vulnerable.

 

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