Butterfly species recorded from Bulgaria

 

There are significant departures from convention in this list. If you think you might be upset by any opinions differing from those expressed in your butterfly guide, you might want to read these notes on my views on genera, species and subspecies first.

Species preceded by "?" are reported for Bulgaria but their occurrence is uncertain and needs confirmation. In each case the individual species account explains the situation in more detail. Species marked with © have photos added to the species account.

 

Taxon

 

Photo in nature

 

Photo of set specimens

 

HESPERIIDAE Latreille, 1809

 

   
Thymelicus lineola (Ochsenheimer, 1808) © ©
Thymelicus sylvestris (Poda, 1761) © ©
Thymelicus acteon (Rottemburg, 1775) ©  
Hesperia comma (Linnaeus, 1758) © ©
Ochlodes sylvanus (Esper, [1777]) © ©
Gegenes nostrodamus (Fabricius, 1793) © ©
Heteropterus morpheus (Pallas, 1771) © ©
Carterocephalus palaemon (Pallas, 1771) © ©
Erynnis tages (Linnaeus, 1758) © ©
Erynnis marloyi (Boisduval, [1834])    
Carcharodus alceae (Esper, [1780]) © ©
Carcharodus lavatherae (Esper, [1783]) © ©
Carcharodus orientalis Reverdin, 1913   ©
Carcharodus flocciferus (Zeller, 1847) © ©
Spialia orbifer (Hübner, [1823]) © ©
Spialia phlomidis (Herrich-Schäffer, [1845])   ©
Muschampia tessellum (Hübner, [1803])   ©
Muschampia cribrellum (Eversmann, 1841) © ©
? Muschampia proto (Ochsenheimer, 1808)    
Pyrgus carthami (Hübner, [1813]) © ©
Pyrgus sidae (Esper, [1784]) © ©
Pyrgus malvae (Linnaeus, 1758) © ©
Pyrgus serratulae (Rambur, [1839])   ©
Pyrgus cinarae (Rambur, [1839]) © ©
Pyrgus armoricanus (Oberthür, 1910) © ©
Pyrgus alveus (Hübner, [1803]) © ©
Pyrgus cacaliae (Rambur, [1839])   ©
Pyrgus andromedae (Wallengren, 1853)    

 

PAPILIONIDAE Latreille, [1802]

 

   
Zerynthia polyxena ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Zerynthia cerisy (Godart, [1824]) ©  
? Archon apollinus (Herbst, 1798)    
Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Iphiclides podalirius (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758 ©  

 

PIERIDAE Duponchel, [1835]

 

   
Leptidea sinapis (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Leptidea reali Reissinger, 1989    
? Leptidea morsei (Fenton, [1882]) ©  
Leptidea duponcheli (Staudinger, 1871) © ©
Colias erate (Esper, [1805])   ©
Colias croceus (Fourcroy, 1785) ©  
Colias myrmidone (Esper, 1781)    
Colias caucasica Staudinger, 1871 © ©
? Colias chrysotheme (Esper, [1781])    
Colias hyale (Linnaeus, 1758)   ©
Colias alfacariensis Ribbe, 1905 © ©
Gonepteryx rhamni (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Gonepteryx farinosa (Zeller, 1847)    
Gonepteryx cleopatra (Linnaeus, 1767)   ©
Euchloe cardamines (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Euchloe gruneri (Herrich-Schäffer, [1851])   ©
Euchloe ausonia (Hübner, [1804]) © ©
Euchloe penia (Freyer, [1851])   ©
Aporia crataegi (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Pieris rapae (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Pieris mannii (Mayer, 1851) © ©
Pieris ergane (Geyer, [1828]) © ©
Pieris napi (Linnaeus, 1758) © ©
Pieris krueperi Staudinger, 1860 © ©
Pieris daplidice (Linnaeus, 1758) © ©
Pieris chloridice (Hübner, [1813]) © ©

 

LYCAENIDAE [Leach], [1815]

 

   
Hamearis lucina (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761) ©  
Lycaena dispar ([Haworth], 1802) ©  
Lycaena virgaureae (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Lycaena ottomana (Lefebvre, [1830]) ©  
Lycaena tityrus (Poda, 1761) ©  
Lycaena alciphron (Rottemburg, 1775) ©  
Lycaena thersamon (Esper, [1784]) ©  
Lycaena candens (Herrich-Schäffer, [1844]) ©  
Thecla betulae (Linnaeus, 1758) © ©
Favonius quercus (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Satyrium acaciae (Fabricius, 1787) ©  
Satyrium ilicis (Esper, [1779]) ©  
Satyrium spini (Fabricius, 1787) ©  
Satyrium w-album (Knoch, 1782) ©  
Satyrium pruni (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Callophrys rubi (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Lampides boeticus (Linnaeus, 1767) ©  
Leptotes pirithous (Linnaeus, 1767) ©  
Tarucus balkanicus (Freyer, [1844]) ©  
Cupido minimus (Fuessly, 1775) ©  
Cupido osiris (Meigen, [1829]) ©  
Cupido argiades (Pallas, 1771) ©  
Cupido alcetas (Hoffmansegg, 1804) ©  
Cupido decoloratus (Staudinger, 1886) ©  
Celastrina argiolus (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Scolitantides vicrama (Moore, 1865) ©  
Scolitantides orion (Pallas, 1771) ©  
Glaucopsyche alexis (Poda, 1761) ©  
Iolana iolas (Ochsenheimer, 1816) ©  
Phengaris arion (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Phengaris alcon ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Phengaris nausithous (Bergsträsser, 1779) ©  
? Chilades trochylus (Freyer, [1845])    
Plebeius sephirus (Frivaldszky, 1835) ©  
Plebeius argus (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Plebeius idas (Linnaeus, 1761) ©  
Plebeius argyrognomon (Bergsträsser, 1779) ©  
Plebeius dardanus (Freyer, 1844) ©  
Plebeius anteros (Freyer, [1838]) ©  
Plebeius agestis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Plebeius artaxerxes (Fabricius, 1793) ©  
Plebeius eumedon (Esper, [1780]) ©  
Plebeius semiargus (Rottemburg, 1775) ©  
Plebeius icarus (Rottemburg, 1775) © ©
Plebeius andronicus (Coutsis & Ghavalas, 1995) © ©
Plebeius eroides (Frivaldszky, 1835) ©  
? Plebeius eros (Ochsenheimer, 1808)    
Plebeius thersites (Cantener, [1835]) ©  
Plebeius amanda (Schneider, 1792) ©  
Plebeius escheri (Hübner, [1823]) ©  
Plebeius dorylas ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Plebeius bellargus (Rottemburg, 1775) ©  
Plebeius coridon (Poda, 1761) ©  
Plebeius daphnis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Plebeius damon ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Plebeius admetus (Esper, [1783]) ©  
Plebeius aroaniensis (Brown, 1976) © ©
Plebeius orphicus (Kolev, 2005) © ©
Plebeius ripartii (Freyer, 1830) © ©
Plebeius nephohiptamenos (Brown & Coutsis, 1978) ©  

 

NYMPHALIDAE Swainson, 1827

 

   
Libythea celtis (Laicharting, 1782) ©  
Pararge roxelana (Cramer, [1777]) ©  
Pararge climene (Esper, [1783]) © ©
Pararge aegeria (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Pararge megera (Linnaeus, 1767) ©  
Pararge petropolitana (Fabricius, 1787) © ©
Pararge maera (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Pararge achine (Scopoli, 1763)    
Coenonympha oedippus (Fabricius, 1787)    
Coenonympha arcania (Linnaeus, 1761) ©  
Coenonympha glycerion (Borkhausen, 1788) ©  
Coenonympha leander (Esper, [1784]) ©  
Coenonympha rhodopensis Elwes, 1900 ©  
Coenonympha pamphilus (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Maniola tithonus (Linnaeus, 1767) ©  
Maniola jurtina (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Hyponephele lycaon (Rottemburg, 1775) ©  
Hyponephele lupina (Costa, [1836]) © ©
Aphantopus hyperantus (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Erebia ligea (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Erebia euryale (Esper, [1805]) © ©
Erebia orientalis Elwes, 1900 © ©
Erebia aethiops (Esper, [1777])   ©
Erebia medusa (Fabricius, 1787) © ©
Erebia alberganus (Prunner, 1798) © ©
Erebia gorge (Hübner, [1804])   ©
Erebia rhodopensis Nicholl, 1900 © ©
Erebia neleus (Freyer, 1833) © ©
Erebia ottomana Herrich-Schäffer, [1847] © ©
Erebia pronoe (Esper, [1780]) © ©
Erebia melas (Herbst, 1796) © ©
Erebia oeme (Hübner, [1804]) © ©
Erebia pandrose (Borkhausen, 1788)   ©
Melanargia galathea (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Melanargia larissa (Geyer, [1828]) ©  
Hipparchia fagi (Scopoli, 1763) ©  
Hipparchia syriaca (Staudinger, 1871) ©  
Hipparchia senthes (Fruhstorfer, 1908) ©  
Hipparchia semele (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Hipparchia volgensis (Mazochin-Porshnjakov, 1952)    
Hipparchia statilinus (Hufnagel, 1766) ©  
Hipparchia fatua Freyer, [1844] ©  
Hipparchia circe (Fabricius, 1775) ©  
Hipparchia briseis (Linnaeus, 1764) ©  
Hipparchia orestes (De Prins & van der Poorten, 1981) © ©
? Hipparchia graeca (Staudinger, 1870)   ©
? Hipparchia geyeri (Herrich-Schäffer, [1846])    
Hipparchia amalthea (Frivaldszky, 1845) © ©
Hipparchia arethusa ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Hipparchia ferula (Fabricius, 1793) ©  
Hipparchia dryas (Scopoli, 1763) ©  
Apatura iris (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Apatura ilia ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)    
Apatura metis Freyer, 1829 ©  
Limenitis camilla (Linnaeus, 1764)   ©
Limenitis populi (Linnaeus, 1758) © ©
Limenitis reducta Staudinger, 1901 ©  
Neptis sappho (Pallas, 1771) ©  
Neptis rivularis (Scopoli, 1763) ©  
Vanessa atalanta (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Vanessa cardui (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Nymphalis io (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Nymphalis urticae (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Nymphalis c-album (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Nymphalis egea (Cramer, [1775]) ©  
Nymphalis l-album (Esper, 1781) ©  
Nymphalis polychloros (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Nymphalis xanthomelas (Esper, [1781]) ©  
Nymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Euphydryas maturna (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Euphydryas cynthia ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)   ©
Euphydryas aurinia (Rottemburg, 1775) ©  
Melitaea cinxia (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Melitaea phoebe (Goeze, 1779) ©  
Melitaea telona Fruhstorfer, 1908 ©  
Melitaea arduinna (Esper, [1783]) © ©
Melitaea trivia ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Melitaea didyma (Esper, [1778]) ©  
Melitaea diamina (Lang, 1789)    
Melitaea aurelia Nickerl, 1850 ©  
Melitaea britomartis Assmann, 1847 ©  
Melitaea athalia (Rottemburg, 1775) ©  
Araschnia levana (Linnaeus, 1758) © ©
Argynnis paphia (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Argynnis pandora ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Argynnis aglaja (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Argynnis adippe ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Argynnis niobe (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Argynnis ino (Rottemburg, 1775) ©  
Argynnis daphne (Bergsträsser, 1780) ©  
Argynnis hecate ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Issoria lathonia (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Boloria selene ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) © ©
Boloria euphrosyne (Linnaeus, 1758) ©  
Boloria eunomia (Esper, 1800) ©  
Boloria dia (Linnaeus, 1767) ©  
? Boloria titania (Esper, [1793])    
Boloria pales ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) ©  
Boloria graeca (Staudinger, 1870) ©  
 

 

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