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Hipparchia senthes (Fruhstorfer, 1908)   

 

Systematics: This and the next two species are practically indistinguishable externally and their identification is possible only on the basis of genitalia. In older Bulgarian sources all three are reported as "semele", while in some newer sources senthes is treated erroneously as belonging either to the Tyrrhenian Hipparchia aristaeus Bonelli, 1826 or the N-African H. algirica Oberthür, 1876.

Range: The Balkan Peninsula, Turkey.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Local in the hottest regions S of Stara Planina: environs of Sliven, S Black Sea coast, Sakar, E Rhodopi, Alibotush, S and C Pirin, Struma valley N to Kresna gorge. From sea level to ca. 1600 m (personal observations).

Habitat: Hot bushy and/or rocky places in or near deciduous woodland containing oak; sunny rocky slopes.

Bionomics: One generation from June till August. Larval host-plants: unknown, apparently grasses (Poaceae).

Conservation status: The distribution and status of this poorly known species with very limited total range require further research in Bulgaria. IUCN category: Data Deficient. 

 

 
 
 
 

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