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Erebia ottomana Herrich-Schäffer, [1847]   

 

Systematics: Belongs to the systematically challenging group of Erebia tyndarus, under which name it is known in older Bulgarian literature.

Range: Most widespread in the mountains of the Balkan Peninsula, with widely isolated populations in France, Italy and Turkey.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Widespread in Stara Planina, Rila, Pirin, Osogovo, Alibotush and W Rhodopi between 1400 (rarely lower) and 2300 m a.s.l. Curiously, absent from Vitosha, which offers superficially suitable habitats for this species (see also Coenonympha rhodopensis).

Habitat: Glades, meadows and bogs in or near coniferous forests, grassy subalpine slopes and ridge crests.

Bionomics: One generation from late June to August. Larval host-plants: grasses (Poaceae) (Tolman & Lewington 1997).

Conservation status: A common and relatively widespread species of higher Bulgarian mountains, but of conservation concern in view of its restricted overall range. IUCN category: Lower risk, near threatened.

 

 
 

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